*3:1 “A woman”—understood to be Gomer from what follows. It may be that Gomer is not specifically identified since she cannot claim to be Hosea's wife because of her adultery.
†3:1 Literally “raisin cakes”—part of the pagan worship rituals.
‡3:2 About the cost of an ordinary slave. Why Hosea had to buy her back is unclear; in some way she had become someone's “property.”
§3:4 The phrase “a stone pillar or a pagan image or an idolatrous shrine” are all aspects of Israel's adultery in following other gods. Even “king” and “prince” were symbols of Israel's rejection of God as their leader