*1:1 There are quotes within quotes at the beginning of Zechariah, and if they were all identified then the result would be an unwieldy set of quote marks within quote marks—in fact there would be five degrees of quotations. Consequently here (and in most of the Minor Prophets) quote marks have generally not been used except where they help identify other speakers.
†1:2 “Angry.” In many of the prophetic books of the Old Testament God is spoken of as being angry. But it should be noted that this is a description of God's opposition and intense hostility to evil and rebellion, rather than anger as experienced by human beings which is very self-referenced, emotionally-based, and even irrational. God's anger is a rational response to wickedness, and is based on his desire to save and heal, rather than to exact retributive vengeance. His focus is on making sure people understand the terrible danger they are in by pursuing evil.
‡1:3 Literally, “The Lord Almighty says, Return to me, declares the Lord Almighty, and I will return to you, says the Lord Almighty.” The repetition has been removed for easier reading.
§1:6 Literally, “regulations.”
*1:8 “With their riders.” Implied, see verse 11.
‡1:11 “Pacified.” In the context this “peace” has more to do with being forced into submission and defeat than a time of harmony and tranquility. It could be compared to the imposed “Pax Romana” of later times in which the Romans asserted their control over the nations they had defeated militarily and brought “peace.”
§1:14 “Jealously protective”: To be justly concerned over loved ones.
*1:15 “With my people” implied.
†1:15 In other words God had allowed the heathen nations to punish his people because of their sins, but these nations went too far in their attacks.
‡1:16 “As well as the city”: literally, “a measuring line will be stretched out over Jerusalem.”
§1:18 Horns in prophetic writings are symbolic of powers.
*1:20 Probably blacksmiths or metal workers.