23
Jesus was accused before Pilate, the Roman governor.
Luke 23:1-5
Then the whole group got up and took Jesus to Pilate, the Roman governor. They began to accuse Jesus, saying, “We (exc) have determined that this fellow has caused political trouble in our country. He has been telling people that they should not pay taxes to the Roman government [MTY]. Also, he says that he is the Messiah, a king!” Pilate asked him, “Do you (sg) claim that you are the King of the Jews?” He replied, “ It is as you have just now said.” Pilate said to the chief priests and the rest of the crowd, “I do not conclude that this man is guilty of any crime.” But they kept insisting, “He is inciting the people to riot! He has been teaching his ideas throughout all of Judea district. He started doing it in Galilee district and now he is doing it here!”
After Pilate sent Jesus to Herod, Jesus refused to answer Herod's questions.
Luke 23:6-12
When Pilate heard that, he asked, “Is this man from Galilee district?” When they told him that Jesus was from Galilee, which was the district that Herod Antipas ruled, he told them to take Jesus to Herod Antipas, because Herod was in Jerusalem at that time. So they did. When Herod saw Jesus, he was very happy. He had heard about Jesus, and he had been hoping for a long time that he could see Jesus perform a miracle. So he asked Jesus many questions, but Jesus did not reply to any of them. 10 The chief priests and men who taught the Jewish laws stood near Jesus, accusing him very strongly. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers ◄made fun of/ridiculed► Jesus. They put gorgeous clothes on him to mock him as being a king. Then Herod sent him back to Pilate. 12 Until that time Herod and Pilate had been very hostile to each other, but that very day they became friends.
Pilate was unsuccessful in his efforts to set Jesus free.
Luke 23:13-25
13 Pilate then gathered together the chief priests and other Jewish leaders and the crowd that was still there. 14 He said to them, “You brought this man to me, saying that he had caused trouble among the people. But I want you to know that after having examined him while you were listening, I do not conclude that he is guilty of any of the things that you are accusing him about. 15  Obviously Herod did not conclude that either, because he sent him back to me without punishing him. So it is clear that this man has not done anything for which we (inc) should kill him. 16-17 So I will have my soldiers flog him and then release him.”* 18 But the whole crowd shouted, “Execute this man! Release Barrabas for us (exc)!” 19 Barrabas was a man who had tried to persuade people in the city to rebel against the Roman government. While doing that, he had murdered someone. So he had been put {they had put him} in prison, where he was waiting to be executed. 20 Because Pilate wanted to release Jesus, he tried to persuade the crowd again. 21 But they kept shouting, “ Command your soldiers to kill him by nailing him to a cross!/Have him crucified!” 22 He spoke to them a third time and asked them, “Why? What crime has he committed? I have concluded that he has done nothing for which he deserves to die. So I will have my soldiers flog him and then release him.” 23 But they kept insisting. They shouted loudly that Jesus should be nailed {that Pilate should have his soldiers nail Jesus} to a cross. Finally, because they continued to shout [PRS] so loudly, 24 Pilate decided to do what the crowd requested. 25 The man who had been {whom they had} put in prison because he had rebelled against the government and who had murdered someone, he released! That was the man whom the crowd had asked him to release. He handed Jesus over to the soldiers, to do what the crowd wanted.
The soldiers nailed Jesus to a cross.
Luke 23:26-31
26 As the soldiers were taking Jesus away, they seized a man named Simon, who was from Cyrene city in Africa. He was returning to Jerusalem from out in the countryside. They took from Jesus the cross that he had been carrying. Then they put it on Simon's shoulders, and told him to carry it behind Jesus. 27 A large crowd followed Jesus. The crowd included many women who were beating their breasts to show how sad they were, and wailing for him. 28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “You women of Jerusalem, do not cry for me! Instead, cry because of what is going to happen to yourselves and your children! 29 I want you to know that there will soon be a time when people will say, ‘Women [SYN] who have never borne children or nursed babies are fortunate!’ 30 Then, in order that they will not have to suffer greatly when their enemies destroy this city, people who are left in the city will say to the mountains, ‘Fall down on us!’ And people will say to the hills, ‘Cover us!’ 31  I am innocent [MET]. I am like a living tree that people do not try to burn. But the people of Jerusalem deserve that their enemies punish them. They are like dry wood that is ready to burn. So if they nail me to the cross, ◄ their enemies will certainly do much worse things to them!/what worse things will happen to them?► [RHQ]”
The things that happened when Jesus died.
Luke 23:32-49
32 Two other men who were criminals were also being led away { The soldiers also led away two other men who were criminals}. They were going to be executed { The soldiers were going to execute them} with Jesus. 33 When they came to the place which is called ❛The Skull❜, they nailed Jesus to a cross after removing his clothes. They did the same thing to the two criminals. They crucified one at the right side of Jesus and one at his left side. 34 Jesus prayed, “ My Father, forgive them, because they do not realize whom they are doing this to!” Then the soldiers divided Jesus' clothing by gambling with something like dice, to decide which piece of clothing each one would get. 35 Many people stood nearby, watching. And the Jewish leaders ◄made fun of/ridiculed► Jesus, saying, “He said [IRO] that he saved other people! If he is the Messiah, the one God has chosen, he should save himself!” 36 The soldiers also ridiculed him because he claimed to be a king. They came up to him and offered him some sour wine. 37 They said to him, “If you (sg) are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” 38  They also fastened on the cross a sign that stated why they were nailing him to the cross. But all it said was, ❛This is the King of the Jews❜.
39 One of the criminals who was hanging on a cross began to insult Jesus, saying, “You (sg) said that you are the Messiah, so you must be powerful! So save yourself, and save us, too!” 40 But the other criminal rebuked him, saying, “◄You (sg) should be afraid of God punishing you!/Are you not afraid of God punishing you?► [RHQ] They are punishing him and us similarly. 41 They have justly decided that we (inc) two must die. They are punishing us as we deserve for the evil things that we did. But this man has done nothing wrong!” 42 Then he said, “Jesus, please remember me and take care of me when you become king!” 43 Jesus replied, “I want you (sg) to know that today you (sg) will be with me in the place where everyone is happy!” (OR, that today you will be with me in Paradise!)
44  Then it was about noontime. It became dark over the whole land, and it stayed dark until three o'clock in the afternoon. 45 There was no light from the sun. Then the thick curtain that closed off the most holy place in the Temple split into two pieces. That signified that ordinary people could now go into the presence of God. 46  As that happened, Jesus shouted loudly, “Father, I put my spirit into your care [MTY]!” When he said that, he [EUP] died.
47 When the officer who supervised the soldiers who were executing Jesus saw what happened, he praised God for the way Jesus died, saying, “ I am sure that this man had done nothing wrong!” 48 When the crowd of people who had gathered to see those events saw what happened, they returned to their homes, beating their chests to show that they were sorrowful. 49 All of Jesus' friends, including the women who had come with him from Galilee district, stood at a distance and saw everything that happened.
Joseph and others buried Jesus while some women watched.
Luke 23:50-56
50 There was a man named Joseph who came there. He was from the town of Arimathea in Judea. He was a good and a righteous man, and he was a member of the Jewish Council. 51 But he had not agreed with the other Council members when they decided to kill Jesus and when they planned how to do it. He was waiting expectantly for the time when God would send his king to begin to rule. 52 He went to Pilate and asked Pilate to permit him to take Jesus' body and bury it. After Pilate allowed him to do that, 53 he and some others took Jesus' body down from the cross. They wrapped it in a linen cloth. Then they put his body in a tomb that he had hired others to dig out of a rock cliff. No one had ever put a body in it before. 54  They had to do it quickly because that was Friday, the day when people prepared things for the Jewish day of rest. ◄The Sabbath/The day of rest► was about to start at sunset, so they had to finish burying Jesus' body before sunset. 55 The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee district followed Joseph and the men who were with him. They saw the tomb, and they saw how the men laid Jesus' body inside it, and saw the men roll a huge stone across the entrance. 56 Then the women returned to the houses where they were staying. That evening they prepared spices and ointments to put on Jesus' body, but ◄on the Sabbath/on the Jewish rest day► they rested, according to what Moses had commanded.
* 23:16-17 Pilate had to release one prisoner for the people during the Passover festival each year.