But this really upset* Jonah, and he became very angry. He prayed to the Lord and told him, “Lord, wasn't this what I said when I was back home? That's why I ran away to Tarshish in the first place! For I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate God, very patient and full of kindhearted love, who relents from sending disaster. So just kill me now, Lord, because I'd prefer to die than to live!”
The Lord responded, “Do you have a good reason to be so angry?”§
Jonah left the city and sat down to the east of it. There he made himself a shelter so he could sit in the shade and watch what would happen to the city. The Lord God had a plant grow up and provide shade over Jonah's head to ease his discomfort. Jonah was very happy with the plant. The next day at dawn the Lord had a maggot attack the plant and it withered. Then as the sun came up the Lord arranged for a scorching east wind to blow, and the sun beat down on Jonah's head so that he became faint and wanted to die. “I'd rather die than live!” he said.
But the Lord asked Jonah, “Do you have a good reason to be so angry about the plant?”
Yes I do!” Jonah replied. “I'm angry enough to die!”
10 Then the Lord told Jonah, “You're concerned about a plant which you did nothing about, and you didn't make it grow. It came up overnight and died overnight. 11 Shouldn't I be concerned about the great city of Nineveh where one hundred and twenty thousand people live who don't know their right hand from their left,* not to mention all the animals?”
* 4:1 In the sense that Jonah thought that this was a wrong decision on God's part. 4:2 Literally, “in my land.” 4:2 Or “slow to become angry.” § 4:4 Or “Is it good for you to be so angry?” or “What right do you have to be so angry?” * 4:11 In other words they are spiritually ignorant.