1 I am speaking the truth in Christ. My conscience confirms through the Holy Spirit that I am not lying when I say
2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart.
3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed, cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh.
4 They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption as sons, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the temple service, and the promises.
5 To them belong the patriarchs, and from them, according to the flesh, came the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.
6 It is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all Israelites truly belong to Israel,
7 and not all of Abraham's children are his true descendants, but, “Through Isaac yoʋr descendants will be counted.”
8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God; rather, the children of the promise are counted as descendants.
9 For this is what God promised: “According to this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.”
10 Not only that, but when Rebecca had conceived by one man, our father Isaac,
11 though her sons were not yet born and had done nothing good or evil, in order for the purpose of God's choice to stand (not because of works but because of him who calls),
12 she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”
13 As it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”
14 What then shall we say? Is there injustice with God? Certainly not!
15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”
16 So then, it does not depend on human will or effort, but on God's mercy.
17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “I have raised yoʋ up for the very purpose of showing my power in yoʋ, so that my name might be declared in all the earth.”
18 So then, God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
19 Yoʋ will say to me then, “Why does he still find fault? For who has resisted his will?”
20 On the contrary, O man, who are yoʋ to answer back to God? Shall the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why did yoʋ make me like this?”
21 Does the potter not have a right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?
22 What if God, although willing to show his wrath and to make his power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath fitted for destruction,
23 in order to make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy that he has prepared in advance for glory,
24 namely us whom he has called, not from the Jews only but also from the Gentiles?
25 As he says in Hosea,
“Those who were ‘not my people’ I will call ‘my people,’
and those who were ‘not beloved’ I will call ‘beloved.’
26 And in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’
there they will be called ‘sons of the living God.’ ”
27 And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel,
“Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea,
only the remnant will be saved.
28 For the Lord will settle the matter swiftly and justly;
his sentence will be executed upon the earth without delay.”
29 And just as Isaiah foretold,
“If the Lord of hosts had not left us any descendants,
we would have been like Sodom
and become like Gomorrah.”
30 What then shall we say? That Gentiles who were not pursuing righteousness have obtained righteousness, that is, the righteousness that is by faith.
31 But Israel, although they pursued a law of righteousness, did not attain a law of righteousness.
32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works of the law. They have stumbled over the stone of stumbling,
33 as it is written,
“Behold, I am placing in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense,
yet no one who believes in him will be put to shame.”