The Angel of The Lord / The Angel of God
Specific References, Complete List
This references a unique and specific angel who has a special relationship to Yahweh. The following references are exhaustive in the Bible cannon to this special angel and an identity is therefore proposed based on provided references and Biblical evidence. Concordances referenced are The Hebrew English concordance to the Old Testament identified as (K) and Strongs Concordance, Strongs Hebrew identified as (H) and Strongs Greek identified as (G).
Basic Function, Nuts and Bolts: This table is presenting the method of transliteration and locating specific word combonations. Kohlenberger and Strongs are both dictionaries and Concordances of Hebrew and Greek Bible text. When the Hebrew can be translated into Greek, via the Septuagent's equivelancy of Hebrew to Greek translated words, the Greek word is also shown. The first reference is listed. This can be be applied in searching the English Bible text when the Strongs Numbers are in text, that kind of Bible is called an Interlinear with Strongs Numbers. Have fun!
|Hebrew Word||Kohlenberger||Strongs Hebrew||Strongs Greek||English translation(s); First Reference(s)|
|Yahweh||K3378||“H3068 = LORD H3069 = GOD”||Kryios G2962||Yahweh, LORD, GOD, The LORD, ADONAI, Jehovah; Gen 2:4; Gen 6:5; Matt 1:20|
|Adonai||K151||H136||Kryios G2962||Lord, The Lord, Adonai, Master; Gen 15:2; Matt 1:20|
|Yah||K3363||H3050||X||Yah, Jah, name-jah, name-iah, LORD; Ex 15:2; X|
|El||K446||H410||Theos G2316||God, god, power, mighty; Gen 14:18; Matt 1:23|
|Elohim||K3363||H430||Theos G2316||God, gods, judges, Yah; Gen 1:1; John 10:34|
|Mal'ak||K4855||H4397||Angel, messenger, ambassadors; Gen 16:7; Matt 1:20|
Combinations of these words and searching the text of Hebrew Masoretic text and Greek Septuagint text have been searched to make this list.
Basic Function, Nuts and Bolts: This table is presenting the combonations of The Angel of the Lord's Names and the Kohlenberger / Strongs Numbers associated. Then every combonation of these words is listed below the name. Some references have specific notes, found below the reference list. Have fun!
|ha mal'ak Yahweh = the Angel of Yahweh / the Angel of the Lord = K4855 + K3378 = H4397 + (H3068, H3069)|
|Gen 16:7, 16:9, 16:10, 16:11, 22:11, 22:15; Ex 3:2; Num 22:22, 22:23, 22:24, 22:25, 22:26, 22:27, 22:31, 22:32, 22:34, 22:35; Judges 2:1; 2:4, 5:23; 6:11, 6:12, 6:21 (2x), 6:22 (2x); 13:3, 13:13, 13:15, 13:16 (2x), 13:17, (13:18), 13:20, 13:21 (2x); 2 Sam 24:16 (3x) and 24:17 (all refer to the same angel); 1 King 19:7; 2 King 1:3, 1:15, 19:35; (1 Chr 21:12-21:30 refer to the same angel) 1 Chr 21:12, 21:15 (3x), 21:16, 21:18, 21:20, 21:27, 21:30; Ps 34:7, 35:5, 35:6, Is 37:36, 63:9; Zec 1:11, 1:12, 3:1, 3:5, 3:6, 12:8.|
|(Gen 17:22) The Aramaic Targum of Onkelos, the Aramaic version of Hebrew Bible, in (Gen 17:22) the footnotes identify the Angel of the Lord with the kavod [weighty glory] of God, as God or God’s glory leaves Abraham after he spoke with God Almighty and received covenant promises.|
|(Matt 1:20) The Greek text does not include definite article “The” in (Matt 1:20). Yet (Matt 1:24) has “the” referring back to the aforementioned “an angel of the Lord” as seen in verse 20. Some versions incorrectly translate verse 20 as “the” not “an” as it is rendered in the Greek text.)|
|Judaism likens “Wonderful” in (Is 9:6) with The Angel of the Lord found in (Judges 13:18) whose name is Wonderful. In connection with this, see (Ps 34:7), “The Angel of Yahweh encamps around those who fear God and he delivers them.” Examples: Gen 32:1, 48:16; Ex 23:20-23, 32:34, 33:2; Num 20:16; Josh 5:20-23; Is 37:36, 63:8-9.|
|ha mal'ak Elohim = the Angel of God K4855 + K3363 = H4397 + H430|
|Gen 21:17, 31:11; Ex 14:19, Jug 6:20; 13:9.|
|Mystery Angel = Unique angel defined by context|
|All References: Gen 18:1-2, 18:16-17, 19:1, 24:7; Ex 23:20-23, 32:34, 33:2, 32:14 (link to Ps 34:7); Num 20:16; Josh 5:20-23; Ps 35:6; Is 63:8-9, Mal 3:1 (2x)|
And this is Yahweh who commands the angelic armies of Heaven. Defined here, so that the Angel of the Lord is not confused with Yahweh.
Basic Function, Nuts and Bolts: This table is presenting the combonations of Yahweh's Names and the Kohlenberger / Strongs Numbers associated. Then a list of the combonation of these words is listed below the name. Some references have specific notes. Have fun!
|Yahweh-Tzva'ot = Yahweh Commander of heaven’s armies / The Lord of hosts = K3378 + K7372 = H4397 + H6635|
|Multiple references begin appearing at 1 Sam 1:3; 1 Sam 15:2 onward. First instance in Psalms (Ps 24:10) and first instance in Isaiah (Is 1:24).|
|Yahweh Elohim Tzva'ot = Yahweh God Commander of heaven’s armies / The Lord God of hosts = K3378 + K3363 + K7372 = H4397 + H430 + H6635|
|1 Sam 17:45; 2 Sam 5:10; 1 King 19:10, 19:14; Ps 59:5, 80:4, 80:19, 84:8, 89:8; Jer 5:14, 15:16, 35:17; Hos 12:5; Amos 3:13, 4:13, 5:14, 5:15, 5:16, 6:8, 6:14|
|Elohei Tzva'ot = God Commander of heaven’s armies = K3363 + K3363 = H430 + H6635|
|2 Sam 5:10; 1 King 19:10, 19:14; Jer 5:14, 35:17, 38:17, 44:7; Hos 12:5; Amos 3:13, 4:13, 5:14, 5:15, 5:16, 5:27, 6:8, 6:14|
Breif Summary of the Actions and Duties Assigned to “the Angel of the Lord”
The Angel of the Lord bears the name of Adonai in Him (Ex 23:20-23; Is 63:8-9). He speaks in the same authority as God (Gen 17:22) and (Gen 31:11-13, ch 28, 35:1-3), in similar way as Joseph did for Pharaoh; “You shall be over my house, and according to your command all my people shall do homage; only in the throne I will be greater than you” (Gen 41:40). The Angel is speaking and it is said God is speaking (Gen 17:22, 22:11-12, 22:16; Ex 3:2-4). This Angel stands in the way of people, in order to accomplish the works that God purposes (Hagar and Ishmael) (Gen 16), going ahead into Canaan (Ex 32), Ballam (Num 22), Joshua (Joshua 5), Gideon (Judges 6), Samson’s Mom (Judges 13:16-22). The Angel manifests glorious things that are attributed to God (God’s glory) (Gen 17:22), burning bush (Ex 3:2-4), pillar of cloud and of fire (Ex 14:19), the rock that gave water (Ex 17:6; 1 Cor 10:4). The Angel of the Lord facilitates worship unto Yahweh (Judges 6:20-21, 13:16-21). The Angel of the Lord is referenced concurrent with Yahweh speaking to humans, one in the same manifestation (Gen ch 16, ch 17, Ex 3:2-4). Maybe even speaking to humans “face to face” (Gen 17:1-3, 32:30; Ex 33:11; Num 12:8, 14:14; Deut 5:8, 34:10). The Angel of Yahweh is associated with doing the actions of “saves and redeems” the people of Israel, actions that are associated only with God or the Servant as Redeemer and Savior (Is 43:11-12, 49:5-10, 63:9). The Angel of Yahweh has a unique job description and unique relationship to Yahweh God, different than all other angels, even the cherubim who cover the glory of God.
Original Work Presented by Thomas Robinson for One Unity Resource Bible, 2016