Solomon Builds the Temple
Solomon began building the LORD’S Temple at Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared to David, Solomon’s father. This was the place David had prepared for the Temple. It had been the threshing floor of Araunah* the Jebusite. Solomon started to build on the second day of the second month of his fourth year as king of Israel.
These are the measurements he used for building the foundation of God’s Temple, using the old cubit. The foundation was 60 cubits§ long and 20 cubits* wide. The porch in front of the Temple was 20 cubits long and 20 cubits high. He covered the inside of the porch with pure gold. He put panels made of cypress wood on the walls of the larger room. Then he put pure gold over the cypress panels and then put pictures of palm trees and chains on the gold. He put valuable stones in the Temple for beauty. The gold he used was gold from Parvaim. He covered the inside of the Temple with the gold. He put the gold on the ceiling beams, doorposts, walls, and doors. He carved Cherub angels on the walls.
Then he made the Most Holy Place. This room was 20 cubits long and 20 cubits wide. It was as wide as the Temple was. He put pure gold on the walls of the Most Holy Place. The gold weighed about 22 1/2 tons.§ The gold nails weighed 1 1/4 pounds.* He covered the upper rooms with gold. 10 He made two Cherub angels to put in the Most Holy Place. The workers covered the Cherub angels with gold. 11 Each wing of the Cherub angels was 5 cubits long. The total length of the wings was 20 cubits. One wing of the first Cherub angel touched the wall on one side of the room. The other wing touched one wing of the second Cherub angel. 12 And the other wing of the second Cherub angel touched the wall on the other side of the room. 13 So the wings of the two Cherub angels together reached across the rooma total of 20 cubits. The Cherub angels stood facing the Holy Place.
14 He made the curtain§ from blue, purple, and red materials and expensive linen. There were Cherub angels on the curtain.
15 He put two columns in front of the Temple. The columns were 35 cubits* tall. The top part of the two columns was 5 cubits long. 16 He made chains in a necklace and put them on the tops of the columns. He made 100 pomegranates and put them on the chains. 17 Then he put the columns up in front of the Temple. One column stood on the right side. The other column stood on the left side. He named the column on the right sideJakin.” And he named the column on the left sideBoaz.”§
* 3:1 Araunah In Hebrew, “Ornan.” 3:1 Jebusite A person who lived in Jerusalem before the Israelites took the city. “Jebus” was the old name for Jerusalem. 3:3 the old cubit This was the Egyptian cubit, measuring about 20 3/8” (51.83 cm). § 3:3 60 cubits 102' 3/8” (31.1 m). * 3:3 20 cubits 34' 1/8” (10.37 m). Also in verses 4, 8, 11, 13. 3:4 20 cubits high 34' 1/8” (10.37 m). Some of the Hebrew texts have “120 cubits high.” 3:6 Parvaim This was a place where there was much gold. It was probably in the country of Ophir. § 3:8 22 1/2 tons Literally, “600 talents” (20,700 kg). * 3:9 1 1/4 pounds Literally, “50 shekels” (575 g). 3:11 5 cubits 8' 6” (2.6 m). Also in verse 15. 3:13 facing the Holy Place Or “facing each other.” The Holy Place is the room in the Temple that was used by the priests to do their daily service to God. § 3:14 curtain This curtain was a large piece of cloth that hung between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place so that no one could see the LORD’S Box of the Agreement and Cherub angels that were in there. * 3:15 35 cubits 59' 6 3/16” (18.14 m). 3:16 pomegranates Small bells shaped like pomegranates, a red fruit with many tiny seeds covered with a soft, juicy part of the fruit. Also in 4:13. 3:17 Jakin In Hebrew, Jakin seems to mean “he establishes.” § 3:17 Boaz In Hebrew, Boaz seems to mean “in him is strength.”